Filipino refers to citizenship, not ethnicity.
This is a must-read for so many Filipino-Americans who don’t understand the endless amount of culture that precedes them. Because my parents were Filipino citizens and are ethnically Hiligaynon, I don’t identify with the same culture that so many Filipino-Americans cling to.
It’s important to combat the blanketing the culture of Tagalog over all Filipinos — and not only do other races do this, but other Filipinos as well. It makes our cultures less visible when all people assume that we observe the same cultural practices from Tagalog.
An important thing to remember is that the large number of languages of the Philippines are just that — languages. Dialects stem from one language, and would be easily understood by speakers of the root language. The lexical differences that occur between the languages of the Philippines differentiate a respective language for the dominant ethnic groups.
With these specific languages, there come the same amount of different cultures. There are needs for different words that wouldn’t even have a translation in Tagalog.